Pakistan Unemployment – Causes and Solutions

Posted in Unemployment In Pakistan with tags , on August 31, 2010 by aboutpakistaniculture

Unemployment is a central problem of Pakistan because when unemployment is high, resources are wasted and people’s incomes are depressed; during such periods, economics distress also spills over to affect people’s emotions and family lives. The socio economics system of Pakistan and institutions has failed to provide employment to the increasing labor force. Labor force include all persons who are of ten years and above , and during the period are without work, currently available for work and seeking for work. About 2.4 million persons of labor force were estimated as unemployed in 1999, as construction and transport sectors have an absorbed 11.2 percent, 6.8 and 5.7 percent as compared to 10.5percent, 7.2 and 5.0 percent respectively in 1994-1995.

Major Causes of Unemployment:

1. Employment in the private sector absolutely stopped because they shifted their capital to other countries because of nationalization of industrial units badly affected the investment industrial sector.
2. The higher growth rate of population is the major cause of unemployment in Pakistan. The resources of the country are limited because population has exceeded the optimum level.
3. Karachi is the biggest industrial base of Pakistan, but investors are reluctant to invest there because of unrest and violence.
4. Our educational system is also responsible for increasing unemployment rate among the educated youth. The attitude of our youth towards the choice of a career is unrealistic and unproductive. Rapid mechanization and computer technology also causing unemployment.
5. Lack of infrastructure and facilities in the field of energy, telecommunication and transportation also prevent the industrialist from setting up new industries.
6. Lack of enough industries to employ ever increasing number of graduate in Pakistan
7. The government is not involving in capital expenditures which create more jobs.
8. Main issue of unemployment in our country is that when ever a new technology comes as software or hardware then all the people starts studying about that. Then at the end, you will see ten thousand students of a particular field about 5 to 10 job vacancies.
9. Things are not handled in appropriate manner, as the vacancies are less but job seekers are more than that.
10. Opportunities are not enough and system of reference is so much indulged in our society that if a company needs employees then workers of that company will provide some resume to them of their relatives and friends so in this way many people don’t get the opportunity to apply for those jobs.

Suggestions:

1. Economic Revival package should announce by the government for the revival of industries sector, to stimulate production and investment.
2. Government should try to boost exports through broadening the tax base and lowering tariffs.
3. Government should announce multiple packages for the development of agriculture sector.
4. A number of fiscal and monetary measures should take attract industrialists and particularly foreign investment.
5. Technical training facilities should be provided. In this way unemployed people will get a chance to enhance their skills and become able to earn more reason able income.

Crisis in Pakistan

Posted in Pakistani Crisis with tags , , on August 30, 2010 by aboutpakistaniculture

The situation of Pakistan is much variant and violent. Patience, concept of co-existence of nationalities and religions is fading. When we compare societies in the past and even at present showing life and harmony we find it quiet serious and perplexing. Why are those societies progressing, revived and harmonic?? Somebody suggests it’s due to their individuals; our nation is failed due to our individuals! What arise now? Is there any fault in the creation phase of these individuals?? Obviously not!! Then what?? Why are we so much intolerant, impatient, short sighted and shy in listening and delivering views??

Lets pick some bold examples from our society; Mixed Marathon race in various cities, Sex workshop for prostitutes in Karachi, mixed musical nights and shows, Basant and Valentine etc. A segment of society with the approval of state is throwing it onto the society and a segment of society is reluctant, protesting and passive to admit these norms. Some people are calling for vague freedoms and some people are calling for traditional backwardness. Some people are forcing women to homes on reaction some people start advocating secular concepts. Similarly in every sphere of life we have two different extremes, pick out something about economics interest in banking is reasonably the key feature of our economics but it is still not accepted by all segments of society. IMF loans are highly questionable. Likewise in politics going in the US war against Muslims is never been justified by a huge segment of the society. So at every decision the nation is divided, at every issue of life they don’t refer to a common view point. Such is the reality of our society. There are various shades in between these two extremes. Both the two segments and different shades in between are not open in intellectual discussions rather jumping on reactionary conclusion. Our society is a fused mixture of different people calling for different things. Typically our criterion becomes compromise which is not a rational solution but a short term way out.

When we consider some tolerant and revived societies; a universal element that is dominant over them is that they have a common view point about life, so they direct the society making this the very basis of their thinking and the foundation of the society. For example Western countries that are revived, they do have a common view point like concepts of freedoms, majority rulings etc therefore whenever they face any issue they all unanimously refer to their view point and that is their criterion, so they geared up all their focus and efforts in that direction and that is why they are moving ahead. For instance there society is not divided on the issue of economics and social life. Likewise there is no question on the issue of pornographic industry. We can also study their era when they were in their dark period where ruling religious clerics and scientific people were at clash, they were the worst people that time, then finally they come to one single idea about life i.e. secularism which is the beginning of their revival. Similarly let’s pick some other example from our history when the Caliphate was revived they were the most leading people when they picked Islam as their view point and they referred to the view point i.e. Islam for every problem using Ijtihad (Process of extracting solutions from Islam). During the Ottoman Caliphate when they left this ideology by putting a ban on Ijtihad suddenly they become stagnant on progress and development. They started using Western ideas about life to solve the problems of society which actually weaken them within. This mix-up was the actual reason for their weakness and failure.

As long the society remains in this disorder and confusion where people refer to different view points for solving collective issues, the society will remain in an unbalance state as it is in our case in Pakistan. The society can never grow in its true sense, and will remain as futile mixture of ideas. So to be a progressing, developing and enlightening society we must accomplish a common view point, and a common ideology. So it is very vital to become an ideological nation in order to truly develop and to revive so as to solve our collective issues; finally setting our ideological objectives instead confronting within.

When we examine Pakistan, the two dominant features of the society i.e. individuals and systems, the system is driving on some other side, the public emotion is linked with other thing, thoughts are taking somewhere else. So from the very basis there is not a single unique idea to organize people, systems in one productive direction. So in order to cope up with this mess, chaos and turbulence there are two options available:

• Change the view point of the people and enforce a new foreign ideology about life.
• The other is picking the inhabitants’ ideology i.e. entire Islam comprehensively, and establish it to get one self revived.

Analyzing our first option where people are attached and convinced with Islam and stopping them linking Islam in actual and collective life seems impractical and insane. It is highly aggressive and dangerous to involve them in things they are inert to adopt. It can result in further chaos because forcibly it’s impossible to change their belief. Looking for our second option i.e. picking Islam intellectually and comprehensively is fairly most realistic and will be an adequate solution to build our society on the road of revival.

The Pakistani Culture – Enjoying Pakistani Food!

Posted in Pakistani Food with tags , , on August 29, 2010 by aboutpakistaniculture

When my son told me we were going to go on a mission trip to Pakistan with the youth group, we immediately decided to do a little research on Pakistani Culture.

Although my son and I were deeply interested in all aspects of the Pakistani culture, since I had just put him through chef’s college, we were especially interested in Pakistani culture as it pertains to food.

We found out that Pakistani cuisine is rich with oils and chilies and the dishes mostly include meats like chicken and beef. Pork is not allowed due to their important Islam religious culture. We found that “chapati” also called “roti” which is made with flour is eaten almost all the time. Yogurt is used a lot in cooking as is the wide variety of curries and vegetables.

Two delicious sounding treats are samosas which are a pastry fried in oil and are triangular shaped, they are stuffed with potatoes and/or mixed vegetables or minced meat, and also pakoras which are vegetables dredged in flour and deep fried. Tea and milk is what everyone seems to drink in Pakistan.

Although each region seems to vary in the types of cuisine they eat, generally, eating habits remain the same. It is customary to eat with your right hand, utensils are not generally used, and it is important to eat everything on your plate as a sign that you respect the food you have received.

Muslims have Ramadan for 30 days at which time they fast each day from sun up to sundown and then after evening prayer they eat. If you are not Muslim person, it is important not to eat in front of a fasting Muslim during Ramadan.

We are excited about the new and exciting adventure in Pakistani Culture. We can hardly wait to go there to begin experiencing the exciting cuisine to bring home and add to our recipe books.

Top Pakistani Bridal Dresses

Posted in Pakisatani Dresses with tags , , on August 29, 2010 by aboutpakistaniculture

A wedding occasion is one of the craving occasions for a woman, as she yearns for it to embellish its beauty by memorizing its glaring moments. A wedding plan is the core unit that really makes it everlasting and the bridal dress; which is the most visible aspect in a wedding, and is considered to be a compliment for the event; and is known for a long time because of its style and elegance. There are certain things you have to figure out when it comes to design or selection of a bridal dress.

One of the most popular and top ten bridal dresses in Pakistan include, the ‘lehnga’. Lehnga is a type of skirt which is worn along with the odhani, which is tucked into the lehnga, the waist, and blouse; which is a tight fitting piece of clothing around the waist. Blouse comes in different lengths and shapes.

In addition to the lehngas, vintage designers are coming up with the creative ideas and are implementing sundry art work based upon the adroit skills and the customer demand. Customized lehngas are also well reputed and needs of a niche class are catered as they are congruous to the cutting silk and velvet lehngas.

Sharara, is another trend setting bridal dress commonly being used in summer weddings, and is also included in the top ten bridal dresses. Sahara is long maxi type of dress which is glamorized and embellished with decorative jewelery on the bust. Bridal sahararas are being widely appreciated by the people who are fashion cognizant, and so is the part of the summer wedding.

Saree; is a four to nine meters long non-stitched cloth, and is wrapped around the body in various styles, is also one of the top ten bridal dresses in Pakistan. It is wrapped on a blouse, forming a vest or an upper garment. Saree, like lehngas are the most commonly used as bridal dresses as they depict a natural flowing look.

A hijab bridal dress is a form of customized bridal dress, and the idea was originated from Malaysia and in Pakistan, the hijab bridal dress creations are becoming renowned with the period of time and this can be stitched according to the various proactively standardized styles i.e. can be in the form of a embellishing lehnga with jewellery work on the choli, following with a pertinent scarf or it may be a fully covered artistically stitched cloth worn just like a sahara or shalwar kamiz with head covered.

Shalwar kamiz, being our national dress is considered widely an option and is also one of the top ten bridal dresses for Pakistani women specifically. Shalwars. Gather on the waist and are held through elastic belt or drawstring. Its pants could be baggy, narrow or churidar depending upon the theme and colors. Kamiz is an upper garment. Creative work is done on it to ameliorate its beauty.

Gharara, similar to a lehnga is also considered as one of the top ten bridal dresses in Pakistan, Gharara consists of a kurti, dupatta and wide legged pants and with crushed effects at the knee so that they seem flaring out dramatically.

These all are included in top ten bridal dresses and most probably the selection of any one entirely depends on the psycho graphic traits of the woman plus the demography where the event is taking place and what theme oriented the culture of that place or impetus is, but none of these can be considered as secondary or tertiary.

Pakistani Culture

Posted in Pakistani Culture with tags , , on August 29, 2010 by aboutpakistaniculture

Pakistani Culture is very unique in terms of its social and ethical values. These values are something which are given due importance. This culture revolves around the religion of Islam which teaches equality among every human being that exists on this planet. Pakistan’s culture is very diverse. It has been invaded by many different people belonging to different races. These people include the white Huns, Persian Arabs, Turks, Mongols, and various Eurasian groups. These groups differ in there way of dressing, food, religion. Pakistani culture consists of different cultures starting from the Punjabis and sindhis to the tribal cultures of the easternmost Pakistani provinces. Now these cultures have strongly been influenced by surrounding cultures of India, Central Asia and the Middle East along with other places.

Pakistani society is largely multilingual and multicultural. There are some similarities than differences that can be found as most Pakistanis belong to Aryan heritage. Like sindhis and Punjabis obviously have a language difference. Traditional family values are known every where in this multicultural environment. The rural areas of Pakistan are still dominated by their own tribal customs dating back hundreds of years.

Today due to globalization, Pakistani culture is largely influenced by the western society. Our traditional dress is shalwar kamiz which is mostly turned in to shirt and trousers. This main influence is due to the fact that many Pakistani are living abroad and they come back with this change. Many restaurants from other countries have started business in Pakistan and are making a lot business here. Media has played a wide role in bringing this change. There are many channels of different countries that we can see these days. This is something that is to some extent positive and negative also. Positively the new generation gains knowledge while negatively they are attracted to it and want to bring it in to practice. Indian movies can be seen here in Pakistani cinemas and Pakistani movies can be seen in India. This is positive in terms of Indu Muslim Relations but Indian culture can not be accepted here. Some major differences occur. Like they worship Gods consider them as statue stone. We believe in one God and it’s a belief within our souls. We do not make statues. Like movies our industry is not well known but we still do make movies.

We are doing almost everything done in other parts of the world. Large number of Pakistanis lives in other parts of the world like UK, United States, Canada, Australia as well as the Scandinavian nations. Large number Pakistanis are also living in Middle East. These emigrants and their children influence Pakistan culturally and economically by travelling to Pakistan and returning and investing there. At the same time there is also a reactionary movement in Pakistan which wants to move away from these changes made by the western influence in Pakistan. This group is strongly conflated with Islam and is on a strong mission.

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